Actinic keratoses

Actinic keratoses, also known as solar keratoses or sun spots, are rough, scaly patches of skin appearing in sun-exposed areas. They are pre-cancerous, and are a sign of excessive UV exposure. Sometimes, they can turn into a type of skin cancer called a squamous cell carcinoma. 

Treatment options include liquid nitrogen or cryotherapy, creams such as 5-fluorouracil, imiquimod, and diclofenac, and photodynamic therapy.

de Oliveira ECV, da Motta VRV, Pantoja PC, Ilha CSO, Magalhães RF, Galadari H, Leonardi GR. Actinic keratosis – review for clinical practice. Int J Dermatol. 2019 Apr;58(4):400-407. 

Goldenberg G, Perl M. Actinic keratosis: update on field therapy. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2014;7(10):28-31.

Ibrahim SF, Brown MD. Actinic keratoses: a comprehensive update. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2009 Jul;2(7):43-8.




Spotlight on Skin was created by award-winning Melbourne-based dermatologist, Dr Julia Rhodes.

Julia knows first-hand how overwhelming the skincare world can be, and that’s with over 10 years of experience practicing dermatology. Given that even she gets overwhelmed, she appreciates how hard it can be for those of you without a scientific background to make sense of all the information available, and choose products that are right for your skin…